Human body undergoes a series of physiological changes such as decreased cardiac output, loss of muscle mass, and low metabolism as it grows old, the rate at which these physiological changes occur are dependent on factors such as individual gene and the environments, making people experience different rates within an individual and between people, read more on this site . In most cases the rate at which these physiological changes occur can be slowed through lifestyle interventions and modification of physical activities, therefore, designing safe and tailored exercises can be useful to avert the health risks such as a cardiac attack, Alzheimer, and hypertension associated with these physiological changes click here for more info. The process of aging is categorized into three typical phases namely, entering old age, this phase includes people who have retired from their careers or child-rearing sometimes they can be as young as 50 years, the second phase is the transitional phase, it is an intermediary of entering old age and frail age, this phase is characterized by people who are in their 70s, the last phase is frail old individuals, this group is highly susceptible due health problems associated with the aging and they may require assistance even with the most basic tasks more about this here. Most of the tasks senior people need assistance with such as bathing and dressing can be improved to make the complete them successfully by designing customized exercises, this may not be easy if you are untrained and have no exercise science fundamentals, to help you, we have outlined a simple guideline you can use so continue reading this article.
Individuals in the frail group have difficulties in completing (ADL) such as dressing, getting around or bathing and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as shopping, cooking, and other house chores, this is because most people in this group have chronic conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, and loss of muscle mass which prevent proper functioning of the body. The exercise program should be tailored toward improving specific ADL and IADL needs of each individual, the exercise needs to be safe and all necessary precautions are taken such as pretesting and medical clearance from a qualified physician.
Moderate aerobic exercises are among recommended exercises for the senior population, low impacts and moderate aerobic activities such as walking, swimming, and hydrodynamic exercises, it is important to keep monitoring the heart rate, blood pressure and their rating of perceived exertion during the physical activities to ensure safety at all time, also a good thing to do is to record exercise data which you need to manipulate to design and prescribe a progressive exercise program that is safe and reliable. Those are some ideas we thought might help you in developing a safe and reliable exercise program for the senior population, also important exercises for this group are flexibility and coordination exercises.